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All Ebook Formats $39.99 ISBN: 9781610914604 Published February 2013
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Coastal Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerabilities

A Technical Input to the 2013 National Climate Assessment

 Coastal Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerabilities
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Virginia Burkett and Margaret Davidson

216 pages | 8 x 10

Developed to inform the 2013 National Climate Assessment, and a landmark study in terms of its breadth and depth of coverage and conducted under the auspices of the U.S. Global Change Research Program, Coastal Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerabilities examines the known effects and relationships of climate change variables on the coasts of the U.S.
This state of the art assessment comes from a broad range of experts in academia, private industry, state and local governments, NGOs, professional societies, and impacted communities. It includes case studies on topics such as adaptive capacity; climate change effects on. It highlights past climate trends, projected climate change and vulnerabilities, and impacts to specific sectors.
Rich in science and case studies, it examines the latest climate change impacts, scenarios, vulnerabilities, and adaptive capacity for nine major coastal regions of the United States and provides essential guidance for decision-makers – as well as environmental academics, professionals, and advocates – who seek to better understand how climate variability and change impact the US coasts and its communities.

Key Terms
Acronyms
Communicating Uncertainty
Executive Summary

Chapter 1: Introduction and Context
1.1. Scope and Purpose
1.2. Linkages and Overlapping Topics of the NCA
1.3. Reliance on the Coastal Zone
Increasing Population and Changing Land Use
Changing Coastal Economy
Resilience on Coastal Ecosystems
Maintaining a Balance

Chapter 2: Physical Climate Forces
2.1. Overview of Climate and Sea-level-rise Effects on Coasts
Introduction
Coastal Landforms and Coastal Change
Sea-level Rise and Effects on Coasts
Inundation, Land Loss, and Land Area Close to Present Sea Level
Historic to Present-day Sea-level Rise
Other Coastal Climate Change Trends
The Basis for Concern
2.2. Sea-level Rise and Future Scenarios
Scenario Planning
Global Mean Sea-level Rise Scenarios
Key Uncertainties on the Global Sea-level Rise Scenarios
Ice Sheet Loss
Developing Regional and Local Scenarios
2.3. Extreme Events and Future Scenarios
2.4. Changes in Wave Regimes and Circulation Patterns
Wave Regimes
Extratropical Storm Waves
Tropical Cyclone Generated Waves
Impacts
Ocean Circulation
2.5. Relative Vulnerability of Coasts
Physical Setting
Climate and Non-climate Drivers
Assessment Results
2.6. Changes in Precipitation Patterns
Intensification of the Hydrolic Cycle
Changes in Precipitation Amount
Increasing Variability in Precipitation
Changes in Ratio of Snow to Total Precipitation
Changes in Precipitation in Coastal Alaska
Changes in Storm Tracks
Droughts
Heavy Rainfall and Floods
2.7. Temperature Change Impacts with a Focus on Alaska
Temperature Trends
Northern Coastal Response
Impacts of Climate Change on Coastal Processes

Chapter 3: Vulnerability and Impacts on Natural Resources
3.1. Multiple Stressors Interact at the Coast
Costal Freshwater Availability Threatened by Multi-stressor Interactions
Estuarine Water Quality Comprised by Multiple Climate Drivers
3.2. Biota, Habitats, and Coastal Landforms that Are Impacted by Complex Stressor Interactions and Subject to Nonlinear Changes and Tipping Points
Wetlands
Mangroves
Coastal Forests
Estuaries and Coastal Lagoons
Barrier Islands
Deltas
Mudflats
Rocky Shores
Sea-ice Systems

Chapter 4: Vulnerability and Impacts on Human Development
4.1. Overview of Impacts on Human Development and Societal Vulnerability
4.2. Relative Vulnerability, Exposure, and Human Losses
4.3. Socio-Economic Impacts and Implications
Urban Centers
Transportation, Ports, and Navigation
Water Resources and Infrastructure
Tourism, Recreation, and Cultural Resources
Real Estate
Private and Public Insurance
Emergency Response, Recovery, and Vulnerability Reduction
Coastal and Nearshore Oil and Gas
4.4. Human Health Impacts and Implications
Direct Impacts
Indirect Impacts
4.5. Implications for Coastal Military Installations and Readiness
Coastal Military Installation Climate- and Global-Change Challenges
Coastal Installation Vulnerabilities and Combat Service Support Readiness
Operations and Training Readiness and Natural-Resource Impacts
DoD Requirements and Programs for Vulnerability and Impact Assessments and Adaptation Planning

Chapter 5: Adaptation and Mitigation
5.1. Adaptation Planning in the Coastal Zone
Background on Adaptation Planning
Inventory of Adaptation Planning
Status of Coastal Adaptation Planning
Strengths of Coastal Adaptation Planning
Emerging Planning Practice
Adaptation Planning Challenges
5.2. Coastal Resource Management and Restoration in the Context of Climate Change
Climate change Considerations for Coastal Resource Management and Restoration
Challenges, Needs, and Opportunities
5.3. Tools and Resources
Assessment and Implementation Tools
Selecting and Using Tools Appropriately
Policy and Regulatory Tools
5.4. Coastal Mitigation Opportunities
Coastal Renewable Technologies
Carbon Sequestration and Capture Science Gaps
Managing Living Coastal Resources for Carbon Capture
Carbon Sequestration and Capture Science Gaps

Chapter 6: Information Gaps and Science Needed to Support Sustainable Coasts
6.1. Science Research Needs to Support Sustainable Coastal Management
Science-based Tools Needed for Coastal Management and Adaptation Planning
Future Research – Local vs. Regional Studies, Infrastructure, Monitoring, and Co-benefits

Appendix A: Chesapeake Bay Case Study
Appendix B: Gulf of Mexico Case Study

References

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