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All Ebook Formats $39.99 ISBN: 9781610915090 Published October 2013
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Climate of the Southeast United States

Variability, Change, Impacts, and Vulnerability

 Climate of the Southeast United States
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Edited by Keith Ingram

342 pages | 8 x 10

Prepared for the 2013 National Climate Assessment and a landmark study in terms of its breadth and depth of coverage, Climate of the Southeast United States is the result of a collaboration among three Regional Integrated Sciences and Assessments Centers: the Southeast Climate Consortium; the Carolinas Regional Sciences and Assessments; and the Southern Climate Impacts Planning Program; with contributions from numerous local, state, federal, and nongovernmental agencies to develop a comprehensive, state of the art look at the effects of climate change in the region. 

The book summarizes the scientific literature with respect to climate impacts on the Southeast United States, including 11 southern states to the east of the Mississippi River, Puerto Rico, and the US Virgin Islands; reviews the historic climate, current climate, and the projected future climate of the region; and describes interactions with important sectors of the Southeast and cross-sectoral issues, namely climate change mitigation, adaptation, and education and outreach.

Rich in science and case studies, it examines the latest climate change impacts, scenarios, vulnerabilities, and adaptive capacity and offers decision makers and stakeholders a substantial basis from which to make informed choices that will affect the well-being of the region’s inhabitants in the decades to come.

Acknowledgements
Chapter 1. Climate Change in the Southeast USA: Executive Summary
1.1 Diversity and Vulnerabilities
1.2 Time-scales of Interest to Southeast Decision Makers
1.3 Future Scenarios
1.4 Process for Developing this Book
1.5 Report Organization
1.6 References
Chapter 2. Climate of the Southeast USA: Past, Present, and Future
2.1 General Description
2.2 Extreme Events
2.3 Trends
2.4 Future Projections
2.5 References
Chapter 3. Human Health and Climate Change in the Southeast USA
3.1 Climate Change and Human Health
3.2 Heat and Cold
3.3 Air Quality Effects on Respiratory and Airway Diseases
3.4 Storms, Extreme Weather, and Sea Level Rise
3.5 Harmful Algal Blooms and Marine Toxins
3.6 Vector-borne and Zoonotic Disease
3.7 Water Quality and Quantity
3.8 Human Migration and Displacement and Healthcare Disruption
3.9 References
Chapter 4. Energy Production, Use, and Vulnerability to Climate Change in the Southeast USA
4.1 Status and Outlook for Energy Production and Use in the Southeast
4.2 Impact of Climate Change on Energy Supply and Demand in the Southeast
4.3 Key Issues and Uncertainties
4.4 References
Chapter 5. Climate Interactions with the Built Environment in the Southeast USA
5.1 Background
5.2 Air Quality
5.3 The Urban Heat Island Effect
5.4 Effects on Precipitation
5.5 Effects on the Wild Land-Urban Interface (WUI)
5.6 Vulnerability and Risks to Tourism
5.7 Impacts on Energy, Poverty, and Socioeconomic Vulnerability
5.8 Impacts on National Security
5.9 Impacts on Urban Migration
5.10 Impacts on Coastal Environments
5.11 Summary of Climate Change Impacts on the Built Environment
5.12 References
Chapter 6. Climate Changeand Transportation in the Southeast USA
6.1 Evaluation of Southeast Transportation Systems
6.2 Climate Change and Transportation Infrastructure
6.3 Impacts of Climate Change on Transportation Systems
6.4 Conclusions
6.5 References
Chapter 7. Agriculture and Climate Change in the Southeast USA
7.1 Agriculture in the Southeast USA
7.2 Climate Sensitivities and Vulnerabilities
7.3 Adaptation to Climate Change and Variability in the Southeast USA
7.4 Assessment and Research Needs
7.5 References
Chapter 8. Forests and Climate Change in the Southeast USA
8.1 Historical Perspective
8.2 Southeastern Forest Types
8.3 Changes in Forest Type Across the South
8.4 Current and Projected Forest Stresses
8.5 Ecosystem Services
8.6 Adaptation and Mitigation Options
8.7 Conclusions
8.8 References
Chapter 9. Effects of Climate Change on Fisheries and Aquaculture in the Southeast USA
9.1 Background
9.2 Climate Change Effects
9.3 Complicating Factors
9.4 Adaptation and Mitigation
9.5 Research Needs
9.6 References
Chapter 10. Impacts of Climate Change and Variability on Water Resources in the Southeast USA
10.1 Water Resources in the Southeast
10.2 Key Constraints to Water Resources in the Southeast
10.3 Historical Climate Trends
10.4 Uncertainty in Predicting Future Climate and Hydrologic Impacts
10.5 Water Resources Impacts of Climate Change
10.6 Mitigation and Adaptation Options
10.7 References
Chapter 11. The Effects of Climate Change on Natural Ecosystems of the Southeast USA
11.1 Background
11.2 Southeastern Freshwater Aquatic Ecosystems
11.3 Southeastern Savannas
11.4 Southeastern Freshwater Marshes and Swamps
11.5 Southeastern Tidal Marshes and Swamps
11.6 Coral Reefs of the Southeast USA
11.7 Summary
11.8 References
ChapterĀ 12. Mitigation Of Greenhouse Gases in the Southeast USA
12.1 Definitions
12.2 Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks in the Southeast
12.3 GHG Emission Reduction Activities
12.4 Research Needs and Uncertainties
12.5 References
ChapterĀ 13. Climate Adaptations in the Southeast USA
13.1 Definition of Adaptation
13.2 Major Stresses on the Southeast
13.3 Adaptation in the Southeast
13.4 Supporting Adaptive Capacity
13.5 Summary
13.6 References
Chapter 14. Southeast USA Regional Climate Extension, Outreach, Education, and Training
14.1 Why Climate Education Is an Essential Part of Climate Science
14.2 A Starting Point for Climate Education: Climate versus Weather
14.3 Context for Climate Extension, Outreach, Education, and Training
14.4 Delivery Methods
14.5 Program Integration
14.6 Barriers to Extension, Outreach, Education, and Training Regarding Climate Change
14.7 Ongoing Education, Outreach, Extension, and Training Programs
14.8 Conclusions
14.9 References
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