Energy Development and Wildlife Conservation in Western North America
- frames the issue and introduces readers to major types of extraction
- quantifies the pace and extent of current and future energy development
- provides an ecological foundation for understanding cumulative impacts on wildlife species
- synthesizes information on the biological response of wildlife to development
- discusses energy infrastructure as a conduit for the spread of invasive species
- compares impacts of alternative energy to those of conventional development
"Dave Naugle, and twenty-three experts, have done yeoman's work in addressing interrelationships between energy development and wildlife. The arena they describe is growin rapidly in significance. This important book provides the sorely needed platform upon which to construct research and management programs and guide inevitable debates."
"An insatiable appetite for energy could be devastating to our continent's irreplaceable wildlife. Energy Development and Wildlife Conservation in Western North America is a timely and welcome addition to the scientific literature. Many relevant issues are covered by expert contributors, including the potential negative impacts of so-called green energy--wind, biofuels, and solar power--on wildlife. A must-read for all those concerned with wildlife conservation."
"Dr. David Naugle is a professor with the wildlife biology program at the University of Montana in Missoula. He's spent much of the last decade researching the impacts development of natural gas is having on sage grouse, particularly in the Powder River drainage in northeastern Wyoming. He was the first to recommend the idea of core areas for sage grouse management an approach that has eased the tension between conservation interests and the energy industry.
His experience with grouse and energy led to this book, a collection of essays by wildlife researchers and conservationists on the effects energy development has on western wildlife and approaches that have been taken to soften those effects.
The articles have a strong technical foundation, but they're well written and understandable for anyone with an interest in the subject. Chapters on sage grouse, hoofed mammals, songbirds, and invasive plants offer a wealth of detail on the interaction between traditional energy development and the western environment; a chapter on wind energy and biofuels details the impacts "green" energy can have on wildlife and wild places.
The last third of the book considers the approaches The Nature Conservancy has taken to minimize damage either at the site of the development or in similar habitats nearby.
An interesting book, offering dependable information on one of the West's most intransigent controversies."
I almost wish this book had a different title, so its important message might be more widely received. It is a call for holistic assessment of cumulative impacts across both space and time, and it should not be pigeon-holed as only addressing energy-development impacts. . . . I am hopeful: the book abounds with promising hints of pragmatic mergers between research and results. And that is why this latest amalgamation of population and conservation studies, while academic and dense, bodes well for the overdue convergence of science and society in conserving our remaining open spaces and wildlife communities in the west."
"In Energy Development and Wildlife Conservation in Western North America, editor David Naugle presents not only a thorough assessment of the impacts and risks of energy development but also—more importantly—a roadmap of how the biological sciences community can address these risks."Joe Fargione, University of California Press and American Institute of Biological Sciences
The hierarchy of 'avoid, minimize, offset' is commonly used to mitigate development impacts. However, determining where to avoid and how much to mitigate is a task fraught with complication. Energy Development and Wildlife Conservation offers an approach called energy by design, which blends landscape conservation planning with the mitigation hierarchy. Landscape conservation planning sets explicit conservation goals for habitat area and population sizes and occurrences, based on what is necessary to maintain viable wildlife populations and natural communities. According to energy by design, when development is incompatible with achieving or maintaining these explicit goals, development should be avoided. This metric helps provide a framework for implementing the “avoid” step of the mitigation hierarchy. An example of this approach is provided in the chapter that forecasts oil and gas development’s likely impact on the sage grouse, which, depending on the development scenario, is likely to result in a 7–19-percent population decline. Protecting key strongholds of the sage grouse population is necessary in order to avert population declines and to prevent a full listing of the species under the Endangered Species Act and will require shifting development away from these core areas.
PART I. Energy Development and the Human Footprint
Chapter 1. An Introduction TO Energy Development in the West
Chapter 2. Geography of Energy Development in Western North America: Potential Impacts to Terrestrial Ecosystems
PART II. Biological Response of Wildlife and Invasive Plants to Energy Development
Chapter 3. A Unifying Framework for Understanding Impacts of Human Developments for Wildlife
Chapter 4. Sage-grouse and Cumulative Impacts of Energy Development
Chapter 5. Effects of Energy Development on Ungulates in Western North America
Chapter 6. The Effects of Energy Development on Songbirds
Chapter 7. Invasive Plants and Their Response to Energy Development
Chapter 8. Wind Power and Biofuels: A Green Dilemma for Wildlife Conservation
PART III. Conservation by Design: Planning and Implementing Solutions
Chapter 9. Energy by Design: Making Mitigation Work for Conservation and Development
Chapter 10. Forecasting Energy Development Scenarios to Aid in Conservation Design
Chapter 11. Resource Policy, Adaptive Management and Energy Development on Public Lands
Chapter 12. Community-based Landscape Conservation: A Roadmap for the Future
About the Editor
List of Contributors